The failed coup of 15 July and the subsequent investigations and declaration of a state of emergency have created an unprecedented rise in violations of press freedom in Turkey. Of 81 journalists detained in the month of July, 76 were taken into custody after the attempted putsch. With 32 journalists arrested in July, the number of media and publishing house workers under arrest has now reached 64. In contrast, there are just five journalists under arrest in the rest of Europe combined.
Three news agencies, 16 TV stations, 23 radio stations, 45 newspapers, 15 journals, 29 publishing houses and one distribution network were closed during the month following a decision passed as part of the state of emergency. The state seized all property and revenue belonging to the entities as part of the decision.
Moreover, the yellow press card system, which is used by the state as a vehicle to control the media, was enlisted to impose censorship once more, with the Directorate General of Press and Information (BYEGM) canceling the press cards of 330 journalists in the wake of the failed coup.
Unions have also borne the brunt of the crackdown, with 19 unions shut down due to alleged ties to the Gülen movement. Mehmet Demir, an employee at state broadcaster TRT and one of the founder of Haber-Sen, a constituent of the public sector labor confederation KESK, was suspended from his position due to alleged ties to the Gülen movement. Haber-Sen issued a categorical denunciation of the decision, stating that it targeted union activities. Demir’s suspension was rescinded thanks to the reaction.
Foreign outlets have not been spared either: After WikiLeaks said it would share documents regarding Turkey, the Telecommunications Directorate (TİB) banned access to the whistleblowing site.
As DİSK Basın-İş, we demand that all colleagues currently in jail due to their professional activities be released at once. Moreover, we demand fair and transparent legal proceedings for all journalists currently being investigated.
- Journalists Ali Bulaç, Şahin Alpay, Ahmet Turan Alkan, Mustafa Ünal, Nuriye Ural and Lalezer Sarıibrahimoğlu are arrested by a night court.
- Journalists Nazlı Ilıcak, Bayram Kaya, Haşim Söylemez, Seyit Kılıç, Emre Soncan, Cuma Ulus, Hanım Büşra Erdal, Habip Güler, Ufuk Şanlı, Yakup Çetin, Erkan Acar, Ali Akkuş, Abdullah Kılıç, Cihan Acar, Bünyamin Köseli, Azmi Kalyoncu and Hüseyin Aydın are arrested while Bülent Mumay, Hilmi Yavuz, Mehmet Gündem, Arda Akın and Yakup Sağlam are released.
- The Directorate General of Press and Information (BYEGM) announces the cancelation of 330 press cards after the failed 15 July coup attempt.
- A case is opened against journalist Ali Barış Kurt by a court in Ankara on “terrorist propaganda” charges.
- Three news agencies, 16 TV channels, 23 radio stations, 45 newspapers and 15 publishing houses and distribution networks are closed following a decision published in the Official Gazette in the wake of the failed 15 July coup attempt. The affected media organs include Cihan News Agency, Can Erzincan TV, children's TV channel Yumurcak TV and Taraf newspaper, among others.
- Authorities order the detention of 47 people as part of an operation against former writers and employees at Zaman newspaper, with police taking 10 into custody.
- Oğuz Poyraz, the owner of Bodrum-based Kent TV, is detained.
- Dicle News Agency’s (DİHA) website is blocked for a 43rd time since 24 July 2015. DİHA is continuing its opertions at dihanews.win
- Özgür Gündem’s website is blocked for the second time in the last month.
Bülent Mumay, one of 42 journalists on a wanted list, is detained at his home in the evening despite announcing that he would provide testimony to prosecutors on 27 July.
Dicle News Agency (DİHA) reporters Selami Aslan and Mehmet Sıddık Damar, as well as Jin News Agency (JİNHA) reporters Esra Aydın and Ceylan Eraslan, are detained while following a story in Mardin’s Nusaybin district. Despite being released, the four were detained by the same officers a short while later before being brought to a police station.
Journalist Nazlı Ilıcak, who was one of 42 people on a wanted list published after the failed 15 July coup, is detained in Muğla’s Bodrum district.
Police force Dicle News Agency (DİHA) journalist Serhat Welat Dağdelen, who was covering a story in Van, onto the ground before pointing a gun at him and conducting a search. Officers also sought to conduct a comprehensive search on DİHA reporter Özlem Tekin, who was working alongside Dağdelen. Police threatened the pair before demanding they leave the area.
- Detained journalists Aytekin Gezici and Abdullah Özyurt are arrested in Adana.
- Azadiya Welat newspaper editor Zeynel Abidin Bulut is arrested following the approval of a trial against him
- Marmara University Professor Nurşen Mazıcı is forced off of Habertürk TV’s “Enine Boynuna” program due to her comments about the failed 15 July coup attempt. Her university also said it was opening legal and administrative proceedings against the academic.
- Etkin News Agency (ETHA) correspondent Ezgi Özer is detained in a police raid in Dersim. Özer was released after providing testimony at the police station.
- Jin News Agency (JINHA) correspondent Zehra Doğan is detained in Mardin.
- Journalist Orhan Kemal Cengiz and his wife, journalist Sibel Hürtaş are detained at Istanbul Atatürk Airport. Hürtaş was subsequently released.
- Twenty-nine employees at Turkey’s media watchdog, RTÜK, are suspended from duty.
- Dicle News Agency (DİHA) Hakkari correspondent Hamza Gündüz is detained by special forces police.
- Deputy Prime Minister Numan Kurtulmuş states that the European Convention of Human Rights will be suspended with the imposition of a state of emergency.
- Mehmet Demir, an employee at state broadcaster TRT and one of the founders of Haber-Sen, a constituent trade union within the Confederation of Public Sector Unions (KESK), is suspended after being accused of ties with the Gülen movement. Haber-Sen severely criticized the decision, saying it was directed at union activities.
- Police stage a raid on Meydan newspaper, sealing its door.
- Yeni Akit columnist Abdurrahman Dilipak calls on the public to pour onto the streets with registered firearms on the grounds that another coup could occur.
- Access to WikiLeaks' website is blocked in Turkey after it began publishing documents concerning the country.
- Turkish authorities confiscate a special edition of humor magazine Leman after it depicted the failed 15 July coup attempt on its front cover.
- Meydan newspaper Editor-in-Chief Levent Kenez and Acting News Editor Gülizar Baki are detained.
- Özgür Düşünce announces an end to its printed version, although the newspaper will continue with an electronic edition.
- Turkish authorities announce the imposition of a state of emergency for 90 days following a cabinet meeting.
- The T24 news website announces that a criminal complaint has been lodged against Güneş newspaper Editor-in-Chief Turgay Güler.
- Milliyet Editor-in-Chief Ercüment Erkul is fired from his position after refusing the newspaper's request that he cover the costs of the extra edition of the paper that he ran on the night of the 15 July coup.
- Russia's REN TV announces that it has lost contact with correspondent Valentin Trushi, who had gone to Istanbul to cover the aftermath of the 15 July coup. While officals at the station said Trushi had been detained, camera operator Mikhail Fomichev, who was part of the same team, said the reporter had been barred entry into Turkey before being returned to Russia with the next flight.
- Sixty workers who had remained with Cihan News Agency after it was placed under the control of a trustee are removed from their jobs.
- The Yarına Bakış newspaper ceases its print edition but will continue in a digital format.
- Şanlıurfa.Com internet site owner Muhammed Taşçılar and News Editor mehmet Dener are detained as part of an investigiation into the 15 July coup attempt.
- Fırat News Agency (ANF) reporter Sedat Sur is detained in Mardin's Nusaybin district.
- The Directorate General of Press and Information (BYEGM) announces that it will begin inspecting press cards in the wake of the failed 15 July coup attempt. The press cards of 34 journalists were subsequently canceled, including 14 from Meydan newspaper, eight from Can Erzincan TV, four from Nokta magazine, four from Taraf newspaper three from Irmak TV, two from Samanyolu TV, two from Samanyolu Haber TV and one from Radyo Mehtap.
- A group identifying itself as the AK Gençlik, a youth wing of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), attacks the offices of the local Istanbul newspaper Gazetem İstanbul, destroying furniture at the office.
- Police enter the house of Haberdar.com reporter Arzu Yıldız in connection with a demand for her apprehension. Police failed to detain Yıldız because she was not home.
- Dicle News Agency (DİHA) reporter Nuri Akman is released.
- Güneş newspaper Editor-in-Chief Turgay Güler demands that the T24 news website be closed on accusations that it supported the 15 July coup attempt.
- Satellite provider TÜRKSAT ceases broadcasting the Can Erzincan television channel in accordance with "relevant orders." The channel will continue its operations on the Hotbird satellite provider.
- The websites of the Haberdar, Gazeteport, ABC Gazetesi, Aktifhaber, Postmedya, Samanyolu Haber, Medyascope, Rotahaber, Özgür Düşünce, Meydan, Yarına Bakış and Karşı news sites are blocked by The Telecommunications Directorate (TİB). Medyascope said the ban on its site was lifted in the subsequent hours.
- The Telecommunications Directorate (TİB) blocks access to Medyascope TV's website.
- The Telecommunications Directorate (TİB) blocks access to the news websites of ABC Gazetesi, Karşı Gazete, Medyascope, Gazeteport and Rotahaber.
- Social media sites that are close to the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) begin publishing list of journalists to be detained in the wake of the failed 15 July coup attempt.
- Mustafa Göktaş of Azadiya Welat newspaper is released after providing testimony to a prosecutor.
- A group on Istanbul's Bosphorus Bridge attempts to lynch Hurriyet photojournalist Selçuk Şamiloğlu as he covers the 15 July coup attempt.
- Putschists stage raids on TRT and CNNTürk, forcing a TRT speaker to read out a communique.
- Difficulties are experienced in accessing Twitter, with Ankara Metropolitan Municiapality Mayor Melih Gökçek tellşng CNNTürk "They blocked access to Twitter for a bit, but I called and said, 'Open it so everyone can hear what's going on.'
- Some 46 media workers attend a hearing as part of the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK) press case at the Istanbul 3rd Court of Serious Crimes. The court postponed the case until 18 November.
- Mustafa Göktaş of Azadiya Welat newspaper is detained by police as he is walking in the İpekyol neighborhood of Şanlıurfa’s Haliliye district.
- Yeni Şafak photojournalist Mustafa Cambaz is killed by fire from soldiers in Üsküdar’s Cengelköy neighborhood while protesting the 15 July coup attempt.
- Evrensel writer İhsan Çaralan testifies regarding accusations that he insulted the president.
- Özgür Gündem columnist and former Editor-in-Chief Hüseyin Aykol testifies on charges of "terrorist propaganda" at the 10th Ankara Court of Serious Crimes.
- Dicle News Agency (DİHA) journalist Özgür Paksoy is detained and sent to a court on accusations that he insulted the president after sharing a caricature by Brazilian cartoonist Carlos Latuff addressing Diyarbakır Bar head Tahir Elçi’s murder. Paksoy was released after providing testimony.
- An office belonging to the Hayrat Foundation is attacked in Küçükçekmece.
- The Constitutional Court rules that authorities “failed to conduct a proper investigation” into the death of Ferhat Tepe, an 18-year-old journalist with Özgür Gündem in Bitlis who was killed after being kidnapped in 1993. Due to the statute of limitations, however, the case was not reopened. The court also awarded the journalist’s father, İshak Tepe, 25,000 Turkish Liras in compensation.
- Access to five internet sites is blocked due to their coverage of news regarding the “Hormone Tomato Awards.”
- Yürüyüş journal reporter Ebru Yeşilırmak, who was recently shot in the back by police, is released from custody.
- Journalist/writer Ahmet Nesin is released from prison after being arrested for participating in a solidarity campaign with Özgür Gündem.
- Dicle News Agency (DİHA) journalist Arif Kılıç is detained in Kars’ Kağızman district on the grounds that he was being sought for questioning.
- Former Demokratik Ulus News Editor Arafat Dayan is arrested in Mersin’s Tarsus district after being detained on the grounds that he was being sought for questioning. Dayan was sent to Silifke Prison after his arrest.
- Sendika.org reporter Dilara Dembaş is detained alongside six members of the People's Houses (Halkevleri) during a protest in front of the Interior Ministry and Çankaya Palace to demand the resignation of authorities.
- Access to six internet sites, including the newspapers Yarına Bakış and Yeni Hayat, is blocked by authorities.
- Evrensel writer Ender İmrek is acquitted on charges of insulting the president.